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Trading and Investment Terminology


Ichimoku Kinko Hyo

Ichimoku Kinko Hyo translates into “one look equilibrium chart” With one look, chartists can identify the trend and look for potential signals within that trend. 


The indicator was ...

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Implied Volatility

Implied volatility (IV) is one of the most important concepts for options traders to understand for two reasons. 

  • First, it shows how volatile the market might be in the future. 
  • Second, implied volatility can he ...

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Impulse Wave

A wave or cycle of waves that carries the current trend further in the same direction.


The impulse wave is a term used to describe a specific pattern found in Elliott Wave theory. 

The impulse wave is one of two ...

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In The Money and (ITM) Out Of The Money (OTM)

In the money (ITM) is a expression that alludes to an option that has intrinsic value. In the money, hence signifies that an option has value at a strike price that is favorable when compared to the existing market price of a stock:


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In-App Purchasing

In-app purchasing can be defined as the process of purchasing of goods and services within an application on a smartphone, tablet or a Personal Computer.


In-app purchases enable developers to publish their apps for free.


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An index is a method to track the performance of some groups of assets in a standardized way.
An index measures the price performance of a basket of securities using a standardized metric and methodology.
Indexes are also created to me ...

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Index Option

An index option can be defined as a financial derivative that provides the option contract holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase or sell the value of an underlying index, for example, the Nifty 50, at the expressed exercise price o ...

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Indicators represent a statistical approach to technical analysis. With the help of indicators, investors and traders can get the secondary measure to actual price movement. Indicators are helpful to confirm the accuracy of chart patterns by looking ...

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Stock market index is a measure of the relative value of a group of stocks in numerical terms. Some stocks which are listed on the exchange are selected and grouped together to form an index. When the stocks within an index change their value, index ...

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Individual Retirement Account

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) offers valuable tax benefits for retirement savers.
An individual retirement account (IRA) is a type of tax-deferred or tax-free retirement savings account that many financial institutions offer.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a time of significant industrialization and advancement that occurred during the late 1700s and early 1800s. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and immediately spread all through the world.

&nb ...

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Inflation refers to the rise in the prices of most goods and services of daily or common use, such as food, clothing, housing, etc.

Inflation refers to the rise in the prices of most goods and services of daily or common use, such as&nbs ...

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Initial Public Offering (IPO)

An initial public offering (IPO) alludes to the process of offering portions of a private enterprise to the general public buy issuing stocks.


Issuance of public share enables a company to raise capital from public investors ...

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Insider Trading

Insider trading can be defined as the purchasing or selling of a publicly traded organization's equity by an individual who has access to material information about that equity, that has not been in the public domain yet.


< ...

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Interest Rate

The interest rate is typically noted on an annual basis known as the annual percentage rate (APR).
An interest rate is the percentage of principal charged by the lender for the use of its money. 
The principal is the amount of mon ...

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Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is the probability of a decline in the value of an asset resulting from unexpected fluctuations in interest rates.

Interest rate risk is defined as the risk of change in the value of an asset as a result of volatility in ...

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Intrinsic Value

The intrinsic value of an asset shows the worth of that asset.


This value is < ...

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Inverse ETF

An inverse ETF can be defined as an exchange traded fund (ETF) developed by utilizing different derivatives to profit from a decline in the value of an underlying benchmark.


Putting resources into inverse exchange traded fun ...

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Inverted Hammer

The Inverted Hammer candlestick formation occurs mainly at the bottom of downtrends and can act as a warning of a potential reversal upward.

 It is important to note that the Inverted pattern is a warning of potential price change, no ...

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Investment Advisor

An investment advisor is also known as a stockbroker.
Investment advisers manage money. 

They select financial assets like:
Mutual funds
and then buy, sell, and monitor them within your accou ...

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Investment Company

This is related to investment trusts, closed-end funds, or closed-ended, only exist to invest.

An investment company is also known as a "fund company" or "fund sponsor." 

They often partner with third-party ...

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Investment Grade Bond

An investment-grade bond is a bond classification used to denote bonds that carry a relatively low credit risk compared to other bonds


There are three major credit rating agencies (Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, ...

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Investment Objective

An investment objective is also defined as how a mutual fund invests its portfolio. 

For example

About mutual funds, the stated investment objective indicates a particular fund’s investment goals, based on the wording in ...

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Investment Securities

Investment securities can be defined as securities (tradable financial assets, for example, stocks or fixed income instruments) that are bought so as to be owned for investment.


This is as opposed to securities, which are bo ...

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Investor is a person who allocates capital with the expectation of financial returns in the future. Investors utilize their investment to grow their money. A wide range of investment avenues exists in the market including equity, debt securities, com ...

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Irregular Flat

A type of Elliott wave correction that has a 3-3-5 wave pattern, where the B wave terminates beyond the start of wave A. 


A flat is in progress, implying that a larger pattern is developing. 

It will contai ...

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Island Reversal

An island reversal is identified by gaps between the signal day and the days on either side. 

This is a strong short-term signal.

After an up-trend:

  • The day's Low is above the High of the day before and the ...

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