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Trading and Investment Terminology


C Corporation

A C-corporation (or C-corp) can be defined as a legal structure for an organization in which the owners, or investors, are taxed independently from the entity.

C corporations, the most common of organizations, are likewise subject to corpo ...

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Call Option

Call options are derivative agreements that provides the option purchaser with the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a stock, bond or a commodity at a particular price within a particular period of time. The stock, bond, or commodity here ...

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candlestick charts

Steven Nison introduced candlesticks to the Western world with his book “Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques”. 

Candlesticks have become a staple of every trading platform and charting program for literally every fina ...

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Capital is a large sum of money which you use to start a business, or which you invest to make more money
It is the part of an amount of money borrowed or invested which does not include interest.
Capital is a key part of running a bus ...

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Capital Gain

Capital gain is the profit one earns on the sale of an asset like stocks, bonds, or real estate. 
The gain occurs when the current or sale price of an asset or investment exceeds its purchase price

In capital gain when the selli ...

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Capital Gain Long Term

A profit on the sale of a security or mutual fund share that has been held for more than one year.
One buys a stock or bond and sells it, five years later for more than what was paid, this is known a long-term capital gain.

For examp ...

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Capital Loss

A capital loss is a decrease in the value of an investment. 

A capital loss arises when the cost price is higher than the selling price.

A capital loss is a reduction in the value of a company’s capital, That is Investme ...

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In finance, capitalization refers to the cost of capital in the form of a corporation's, StockLong-term debt, Retained earnings. 

Also, Market capitalization refers to the number of outstanding shares multiplied by the share ...

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Captain Gain Short Term

Short Term Capital Gains Tax is the tax levied on profits generated from the sale of an asset which is held for a government-defined short period is called short-term capital gains tax.

Short-term capital gains can be explained as the prof ...

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Cash Dividend

A cash dividend can be defined as cash or funds paid to investors usually as part of the organization's present income or gathered profits.


The board of directors must announce the issuing of all dividends and determine ...

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Cash Equivalent

A cash equivalent is a highly liquid investment having a maturity of three months or less.
These include 
Bank certificates of deposit
Banker’s acceptances
Treasury bills
Commercial paper and 
Ot ...

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Chaikin Oscillator

The Chaikin oscillator is named for its creator Marc Chaikin.


The basic premise of the Accumulation/Distribution Line is that the degree of buying or selling pressure can be determined by the location of the close, relative ...

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Chande Momentum Oscillator

The Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) developed by Tushar Chande attempts to capture the momentum of the instrument. The indicator oscillates between -100 and 100 with an overbought level of 50 and an oversold level of -50.

< ...

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A channel may refer to a distribution system for businesses or a trading range between support and resistance on a price chart.


Distribution channels describe the method by which a product moves from producer to consumer.


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Chart patterns

Chart patterns are an integral part of technical analysis which looks at the big picture and help to identify the trading signals. History repeats itself, the theory behind chart patterns is based on this assumption. Means certain patterns occur a ...

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Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

A chief executive officer or CEO is the highest-ranking official in a company, whose essential duties incorporate settling on major corporate decisions, dealing with the general operations and assets of a company, acting as the central point of co ...

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Collateral is a resource that a bank or a money lender holds as security for advancing a loan.


On the off chance that the borrower defaults on her advance installments, the lender may hold onto the collateral and offer it fo ...

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Commodity is a basic good or raw material which is used in commerce and interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are used in the production of other goods. The quality of a commodity may slightly differ but essentially ...

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Common Stock

Common stock is also called Capital Stock.
It’s a way to divide up the ownership of a company.

Common Stock gives the voting right to Shareholders.
Stockholders receive one vote per share. 
Stockholders also re ...

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Compound Annual Growth Rate – CAGR

Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is the rate of return necessary for an investment to develop from its starting point to its ending point, with the assumption that benefits were reinvested towards the end of every year of the investments term....

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Contingent Deferred Sale Charge

It is also called a back-end load.
It is a fee paid to sell a specific investment. 
It is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested, and may also be called an exit fee or a redemption charge.
Contingent deferred sales ...

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Continuation Pattern

Continuation Patterns are recognizable chart patterns that signify a period of temporary consolidation before continuing in the direction of the original trend. 

Consolidation appears in the form of sideways price movement. 


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Corporate Bond

Any company can issue corporate bonds, also called Non-Convertible Debentures.

Corporate bond funds are debt funds that lend at least 80% of their money to companies with the highest possible credit rating. 


Thi ...

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Cost of Revenue

The cost of revenue can be defined as the total expense of assembling as well as delivering a good or service to customers.


Cost of revenue information can be found in a organization's income statement and is intended to ...

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A coupon or coupon payment is the annual interest rate paid on a bond, expressed as a percentage of the face value and paid from the issue date until maturity


For example 

A $1,000 bond with a coupon of 7% pays ...

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A cryptocurrency can be defined as a virtual or digital currency that is protected by cryptography, which makes it nearly impossible for anyone to counterfeit it or double-spend it.


Most of the cryptocurrencies are decentral ...

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Cup and Handle Pattern

It was developed by William O'Neil and introduced in his 1988 book, How to Make Money in Stocks.


The cup and Handle pattern is one of the most important chart patterns to make money in the stock market.


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Current Yield

The current yield is an investment's annual income (interest or dividends) divided by the current price of the security.


This measure examines the current price of a bond, rather than looking at its face value.

T ...

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  1. The cutoff time is the time at which a bank stops crediting same-day deposits.
  2. A cutoff point is a subjective point at which an investor decides whether or not a security is worth buying.
  3. The cut-off time is 2 pm for liq ...

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