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Trading and Investment Terminology


Back Testing

Backtesting involves applying a strategy or predictive model to historical data to determine its accuracy.


It allows traders to test trading strategies without the need to risk 



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Balance Sheet

A balance sheet is a financial report that shows a company's assets, liabilities and investors' equity at a specific particular in time, and gives a premise for calculating rates of return and assessing its capital structure. It is a fisca ...

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Balanced Funds

The balanced fund is a type of mutual fund that contains both stocks and bonds. It is also called a blended fund.

The balanced fund is a middle-of-the-road fund made up of investments that will achieve both moderate-income and moderate cap ...

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Base Metals

Base metals are common metals that tarnish, oxidize, or corrode relatively quickly when exposed to air or moisture. 

They are widely used in commercial and industrial applications,   construction, and manufacturing.

Base ...

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Basis Trading

Basis trading is a financial arbitrage trading strategy that involves the trading of a financial instrument, such as a financial derivative or a commodity, with the motive of profiting from the apparent mispricing of the securities. 


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Bear Market

A bear market is the point at which a market encounters prolonged price falls. It depicts a condition wherein prices of stocks fall 20% or more from ongoing highs in the midst pessimism and negative sentiment from trader.


Be ...

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Bear Raid

A strategy used on the stock market, where traders try to forcibly lower the price of a stock to cover the price of a short position. 

This is normally achieved by spreading negative rumors about the target company, which puts negativ ...

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Bear Trap

A bear trap occurs when shorts take on a position when a stock is breaking down, only to have the stock reverse and shoot higher. 


This counter move produces a trap and often leads to sharp rallies.



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bearish belt-hold

The Bearish Belt Hold candlestick pattern is a bearish reversal candlestick pattern that can form anywhere in an uptrend or a downtrend.

 A Bearish Belt Hold candlestick pattern is easily identified due to its lack of an upper shadow. ...

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bearish engulfing pattern

Bearish Engulfing is one of the important bearish reversal patterns. It appears after an uptrend. 


It's a two candlestick pattern.


It is characterized by a red candle being engulfed by a large ...

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Bench Mark

A benchmark is something whose quality or quantity is known, with which other things can be compared.

A benchmark is used for measurements, that can analyze the allocation, risk, and return of a given portfolio.

A variety of benchm ...

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Beta is a numeric value that measures the fluctuations of a stock to changes in the overall stock market.

Beta is the key factor used in the Capital Asset Price Model (CAPM) which is a model that measures the return of a stock. 


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Big Mac Index

An index devised by 'The Economist' magazine to illustrate the notion of purchasing power parity. The Big Mac Index compares the price of McDonald's Big Mac burgers in various countries as a guide to whether currencies are overvalued o ...

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Binary Option

 Binary options are a derivative that can be traded on any instrument or market. 

They appeal because they are straightforward. You know precisely how much you could win, or lose before you make the trade. 



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black opening shaven head

A Shaven Head Candlestick is similar to the Hammer Candlestick, with the key difference being that there is no head on the candle. 


It consists of a bullish or bearish candlestick with a small body at the candle high, w ...

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The term blockchain has been around for almost over a decade now. Whenever terms like Bitcoin, Ether, Ripple etc. are used, a term that is often used with them is Blockchain. This because most of the cryptocurrencies are built on this technology. ...

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Blockchain as a Service (BaaS)

Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) can be defined as the third party creation as well as management of cloud based systems for organizations in the business of making blockchain software.


These third party services are a relativ ...

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Blue Chip

A blue chip can be defined as a nation wide recognized, well-established, and financially solid organization.


Blue chips by and large sell high quality, broadly accepted goods and services.


Blue chip o ...

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Board of Trustee

A group of people who are responsible for making rules, or Financial decision.
The group of individuals that has overall responsibility for the management of an organization.
It is based on Government.
Board of trustees can often ...

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Bollinger bands

Bollinger Bands are a technical trading tool created by John Bollinger in the early 1980s. 

They arose from the need for adaptive trading bands and the observation that volatility was dynamic, not static as was widely believed at the ...

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Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is the first and biggest stock market exchange in India and was started in the year 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association.


Situated in Mumbai, India, the Bombay Stock Exc ...

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A bond is a loan to a company or government that pays investors a fixed rate of return over a specific timeframe.

A bond is an agreement between an investor and the company, government, or government agency that issues the bond.

Fo ...

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Bond Fund

A bond fund also called a debt fund, invests primarily in bonds Government

Convertible and other debt instruments, like mortgage-backed securities (MBS), with the primary goal of generating monthly i ...

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Breadth / Breadth Ratio

The ratio is found by dividing the volume in up stocks by the volume in down stocks for a given time (daily, weekly, etc) 


For Example


If 30 million shares are moving up wh ...

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Break Point

It loads mutual funds, Breakpoints are the dollar amounts for the purchase of the fund's shares that qualifies the investor for reduced sales charges. 

They allow for reduced fees for large purchases, which often benefit instituti ...

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Breakaway Gap

A gap is one of the most important special trading price bar configurations. 

A gap is a major, visible discontinuity between two price bars on a chart.

 A breakaway gap is an important event because it almo ...

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A breakdown is a downward move in a security's price, usually through an identified level of support, that portends further declines.

A breakdown commonly occurs on heavy volume and the subsequent move lower tends to be quick in durati ...

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A breakout is when the price moves above a resistance level or moves below a support level.

Breakouts can be subjective since not all traders will recognize or use the same support and resistance levels.

Breakouts provide possible ...

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Breakout traders

A breakout occurs when the price moves beyond a certain level.


So, breakout trading is entering trades when momentum is in your favor.


To understand breakout trading, it is important to remember two ty ...

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Brexit is an contraction for "British exit," referring to the United Kingdom's choice in a June 23, 2016 referendum to exit the European Union (EU).


The poll's outcome defied expectations and troubled marke ...

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Broadening Top

A broadening top is a bullish reversal pattern. 

The pattern is formed by two divergent lines which are horizontally symmetric. 

It is therefore a reverse symmetrical triangle. 


The oscillation ...

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Bull Market

A bull market is the state of a financial markets in which the prices either experience a rise or are expected to experience a rise.


The expression "b ...

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Bull Trap

A bull trap occurs when traders take a long position and then have price reverse and move lower very sharply.


The long-positioned trader is trapped and this pattern often follows a very similar rhythm of luring traders into ...

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Bullish belt-hold

The Belt-Hold candlestick pattern (or yorikiri as it is known in Japanese) 

It is considered a minor trend reversal pattern that can indicate a bullish or bearish trend reversal, depending on the nature of the patte ...

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Bullish engulfing pattern

The Bullish Engulfing Candlestick Pattern is a bullish reversal pattern, usually occurring at the bottom of a downtrend. 


The Bullish Engulfing pattern is a two-day bullish pattern that forms ...

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Buy and Sell Agreement

A buy and sell agreement can be defined as a legitimately binding agreement that stipulates how a partner's share in the company might be reassigned if that partner dies or in any case leaves the business.


Most of the ti ...

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Buying Climax

A situation in which a security's price has risen very quickly and very high on heavy trading volume. A buying climax is often followed by steep price correction.


The Buying Climax takes place at the market highs.

< ...

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