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Trading and Investment Terminology


Abandoned Baby

This is one of the very rare candlestick patterns for top or bottom reversal signal.

Japanese candlesticks patterns are unique, and some patterns are rarer than others. One such formation is the abandoned baby pattern


< ...

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An analysis of a range of items that have different levels of significance and should be handled or controlled differently. 

It is a form of Pareto analysis in which the items such as 

  1. Activities
  2. Customer ...

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Absolute Advantage

  • The father of modern economics (Adam Smith) says,
  • An individual, Business, Country, or a group, to produce a larger quantity of a product than its competitors. 
  • It also means that the same amount of resources are ne ...

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Accounting Equation

The Accounting Equation represents the relationship between the Assets, Liabilities, and Owner's equity of a person or a business.

It is the foundation for the double-entry bookkeeping system. The Accounting equation ensures that ...

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Accounting rate of return

It is also known as the Average rate of return.

ARR is a financial ratio used in capital budgeting.

By dividing the net income from an investment by the total amount invested in obtaining the ARR.

It means, if your business ...

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Accumulation means the amount of something is increasing over time.

Accumulation can also refer to the overall addition of positions to a portfolio.

In this sense, an investor is accumulating investments. 

As an invest ...

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Acid-Test Ratio

It is also known as the Quick Ratio.

The quick ratio uses only the most liquid current assets that can be converted to cash within 90 days or less. 

In the best-ca ...

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  • An acquisition is when one company purchases most or all of another company's shares to gain control of that company.
  • It occurs more regularly between small to medium-size firms than between large companies.
  •  Pu ...

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Advance Block

The advance block is the name given to a candlestick trading pattern.

  • An advance block is a three-period candlestick pattern considered to forecast a reversal.

An advance block consists of three candles and forms in a ...

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Adverse selection

It refers generally to a situation in which sellers have information that buyers do not have or vice versa.

  • In the common scenario, in the insurance sector those in dangerous jobs or high-risk lifestyles to purchase products like li ...

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ADX stands for Average Directional Movement Index and can be used to help measure the overall strength of a trend.

The ADX is primarily used as an indicator of momentum, or trend strength, but the total ADX system is also used as a directi ...

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After-Hours Trading

1. It occurs after the market closes when an investor can buy and sell securities outside of regular trading hours.

2. They use Electronic communication networks (ECNs) rather than traditional markets to match potential buyers and sellers. ...

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Algorithmic trading

Algorithm trading is a system of trading that facilitates transaction decision making in the financial markets using advanced mathematical tools.

This method uses computer codes and charts analysis to enter and exit trades according to set ...

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An allotment generally refers to a quota of shares given to a participating underwriting firm at the time of an initial public offering (IPO).

Remaining surpluses go to rest of the firms that have won the tender for the right to sell the l ...

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Alpha, also known as "excess return" or "abnormal rate of return," is one of the most widely used measures of risk-adjusted-performance.

Alpha is used to measure performance on a risk-adjusted basis.



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Altcoins are the different cryptocurrencies started after the achievements of Bitcoin.

For the most part, they offer themselves as a better option to Bitcoin.

The expression "altcoins" alludes to all digital currencies ot ...

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Alternative Minimum Tax(AMT)

  1. An alternative minimum tax (AMT) is a tax that ensures that taxpayers pay at least the minimum.
  2. This is a special tax that prevents people with high incomes from abusing deductions and credits to pay little or no income tax.  ...

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Altman Z-Score

The Altman Z-score can be defined as the yield of a credit-quality test that checks a publicly-traded manufacturing organization's probability of bankruptcy.

The Altman Z-score depends on 5 financial ratios that can compute from data i ...

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The action or process of uniting or merging two or more things

It is defined as the combination of one or more companies into a new entity. It includes:

  1. Two or more companies join to form a new company
  2. Absorption o ...

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American Depositary Receipt(ADR)

It is negotiable security, that represents securities of a company that are issued by the U.S Bank.
The stocks of foreign companies are traded in the American markets and are purchased by investors in the U.S.
Investors can purchase AD ...

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Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

 It is a parametric statistical technique used to compare datasets. This technique was invented by R.A. Fisher.

An ANOVA test is a way to find out if the surveyor experiment results are sign ...

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Andrew's Pitchfork

Andrew's Pitchfork indicator is a tool used for trend trading and also to predict market reversals.

The structure of the Andrews Pitchfork indicator consists of two parallel lines and a median line in the middle.

It helps you i ...

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Angel Investor

They are also known as a 

Business angel

Informal investor

Angel funder 

Private investor 

Seed investor

  1. It is an individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usuall ...

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An estimate of the sum of money that an individual or a business generates over a year.

Annualized income figures can help create budgets and make estimated income tax payments.

An annualized rate of return or forecast is not guara ...

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Annual Percentage Rate(APR)

APR or Annual Percentage Rate is a very common term in the banking world.

This term might confuse first-time loan borrowers.

 APR is the interest applied to the total amount of loan borrowed by an individual in a year.


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Annual Report

An annual report is a distribution that publicly traded organizations have to provide on a yearly basis to its investors to explain their operations and financial situations.

The forward portion of the report generally contains graphics, p ...

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Annual Return

The annual return can be describes as the profits that an investment gives over a stretch of time, formatted as a time-weighted annual percentage.

Origins of profits can incorporate dividends, profits of capital and capital appreciation....

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Annualized rate of return

The annual growth rate of investment is over a specified period of longer than one year.
The Annualized rate of return is also called the Compound growth rate.
It is the average return an investor has earned on the investments after a ...

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In general terms, is an increase in the value of an asset over time.

The increase can occur for several reasons, including 

Increased demand 

Weakening supply

As a result of changes in inflation or interes ...

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Aroon Indicator

The Aroon indicator was developed by Tushar Chande in 1995.
Aroon is an indicator system that determines whether a stock is trending or not and how strong the trend is.

When it comes to day trading, strategies based on the Aroon indi ...

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Ascending Triangle

The ascending triangle formation is a continuation pattern and as the name suggests it has the shape of a triangle. 


It is also known as a bullish triangle because it leads to a bullish breakout. 



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An asset can be defined as a resource with monetary value that a person, organization, or nation controls or owns with the desire that it will give a future advantage.

Assets are shown on an organization's balance sheet and are purchas ...

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Asset Allocation

Asset allocation involves dividing your investments among different assets, such as stocks, bonds, and cash.
The purpose of asset allocation is to maximize returns and minimize risk
In other words, The selection of securities is second ...

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Asset Class

An asset class is a collection of securities,


Comparable traits 

And it goes through similar market fluctuations. 

Similar legalities almost always bind securities in one asset class.


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Developed by J. Welles Wilder, the Average True Range (ATR) is an indicator that measures volatility.

Wilder designed ATR with commodities and daily prices in mind.


Commodities are frequently more volatile than stock ...

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The expression audit usually is used in order to allude to a fiscal summary audit.

A fiscal audit is an objective evaluation and assessment of the fiscal reports of an association to ensure that the fiscal records are a reasonable as well ...

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Authorized Share Capital

Authorized share capital—also known as "authorized stock," "authorized shares," or "authorized capital stock" 


It refers to the maximum number of shares a company is legally allowed t ...

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Automated Teller Machine (ATM)

An Automated Teller Machine or ATM is an electronic banking outlet that enables customers to carry on essential transactions without the need of a bank representative. Anybody with a credit or debit card can get to most ATMs. Although, certain cre ...

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ADX is non-directional and it only quantifies the strength of the trend regardless of whether it is up or down. ADX is usually plotted in a chart window along with two lines known as the DMI (Directional Movement Indicators). ADX is derived from t ...

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Average Maturity

The average time for the maturity of securities held by a mutual fund.
Average Maturity is also called Weighted Average Maturity.
Changes in interest rates have a greater impact on funds with longer average maturity.
Average matu ...

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Average Return

The average return can be defined as the basic mathematical average of returns created over a particular time frame.


An average return is determined in a similar way as simple average is determined for any arrangement of num ...

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Average Selling Price (ASP)

The term Average Selling Price or ASP is the price, which a particular quality of goods or services are generally sold at. The average selling price is influenced by the kind of product and its life cycle.


The average sellin ...

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